The word biodiversity means all of the varying life forms (from microbes to trees) in an ecosystem. Ecuador is known for its biodiversity, which has arisen for several reasons:
- A broad array of geographical features, from beaches to snow capped volcanoes, in an area smaller than the state of New Mexico!
- Ecuador's location, namely the equator, provides little climactic variation throughout the year
- The intensity of solar energy in Ecuador has propelled evolution through DNA mutation, resulting in a high degree of specialization in all levels of life forms.
- Collectively, mainland Ecuador's biodiversity is a result of the broad array of ecosystems within the extreme geographical characteristics of the landscape. Each ecosystem has evolved unique fauna and flora under near constant climactic conditions (thus, no winter season, allowing year round growth), limited or inhibited from genetic homogenization due to Geo-physical isolation.