County of San Juan Bosco, Morona Santiago

The county of San Juan Bosco was created on June 30 1992 (Official Registration No. 968). Situated en the south of the Province of Morona Santiago, the county is bordered to the north with the county Limòn Indanza, to the south with the county of Gualaquiza, to the east with the country of Peru, and to the west the Province of Azuay. Within the county, there are four Parroquias (political sub-divisions), including Pan de Azúcar, Santiago de Pananza, San Jacinto de Wacambeis y San Carlos de Limón. In addition, there are 20 rural communities, including 10 Shuar centers.

San Juan Bosco county has a surface area of 1,138.53 km2, which represents 4.04% of the total provincial area.

The area of Parroquias are the following:
San Juan Bosco: 141.77 Km2
Pan de Azúcar: 152.75 Km2
San Carlos de Limón: 7010.30 Km2
San Jacinto de Wakambeis: 63.45 Km2
Santiago de Pananza: 70.26 Km2



In the rural areas of San Juan Bosco county, there is approximately a population of 2000 habitantes, and in the urban areas there are 2038, giving a total of 4038 inhabitants county wide. (Data from the IV census of population, November 25th, 2001).


The population density of the majority of San Juan Bosco county is 2.71 inhabitants per square kilometer, lower than the average provincial density which is 3.60 inhabitants per square kilometer.  

For each Paroquia, the population density is as follows:

San Juan Bosco 13,71
San Carlos de limón 0,48
Pan de Azucar 1,93
San Jacinto de Wacambeis 2,97
Santiago de Panaza 6,25

Population Distribution Based on Work Activity in Absolute and Relative Values

The County San Juan Bosco has an economic base of agricultural, forestry, mining, and other productive activities that are correlated with the productive potential, however, in which the interplay of factors and productive resources are under and/or unefficiently utilized because of the lack of productive investment, knowledge base, and proper utilization of manpower. This situation has resulted in stagnant production with serious economic and social consequences on the population, which largely supports situations of unemployment and underemployment. It must be added that the canton is weakly integrated into provincial and national economic system due to the inadequacies of the road network.

Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing 1102 61,2
Mining and quarrying 23 1,2
Manufacturing Industries 124 6,87
Electricity, gas, and water 5 0,2
Construction 59 3,3
Commerce 112 6,2
Transport, Storage y comercialization 20 1,1
Financial and Insurance Establishments 12 0,67
Services 307 17,04
Activies not well specified 58 2,12
TOTALES 1802 100


San Juan Bosco,
Morona Santiago,

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David R. Goucher