Biodiversity in the San Juan Bosco Area

The word biodiversity means all of the varying life forms (from microbes to trees) in an ecosystem. Ecuador is known for its biodiversity, which has arisen for several reasons:

  • A broad array of geographical features, from beaches to snow capped volcanoes, in an area smaller than the state of New Mexico!

  • Ecuadors location, namely the equator, provides little climactic variation throughout the year

  • The intensity of solar energy in Ecuador has propelled evolution through DNA mutation, resulting in a high degree of speciation in all leves of life forms.

  • Collectively, mainland Ecuadors biodiversity is a result of the broad array of ecosystems within the extreme geographical characteristics of the landscape. Each ecosystem has evolved unqiue fauna and flora under near constant climactic conditions (thus, no winter season, allowing year round growth), limited or inhibited from genetic homogenization due to geo-physical isolation.

    Biodiversity in Ecuadors 4 Regions

  • The Galápagos Islands, a system of islands off of the coast of Ecuador, is famous for Charles Darwins historical visit, where he was inspired to develop the theory of Evolution based on the unique biodiveristy he encountered on each of the islands. While having numerous species only found on the islands, the biodiveristy found there represents only a small percentage of the total biodiveristy Ecuador has to offer. Known best for its Charles Darwin Foundation, the Galapagos receives most of Ecuadors tourists per year, the majority of which are part of all inclusive tour packages offered by large tourism companies based out of Quito or Guayaquil, resulting in very little financial income for the local residents. Also, the sheer number of visitors has had biological consequences on the islands, including domestication of wild species.
  • The Coast (the region lying West of the Andes Mountains),

  • The Sierra (the Andes Mountains),

  • The Oriente (the region lying Eest of the Andes Mountains),

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